Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan are led by the same persons who used to be the leaders of their local communist party. After the banning of the Communist Party of the Soviet-Union in August 1991, these party leaders changed their political viewpoints. From dogmatic stalinists they became pragmatic nationalists with a pro-capitalist economic plan. Islom Abdug‘aniyevich Karimov and Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbaye are now old men in their 70's, but they have ruled their nations since 1989. For 23 years they faked elections to remain president. People who opposed them are jailed and demonstrators are shot at!
Western imperialism however loves these nationalist dictators. Barack Obama and his US government, are on good therms with both the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Kazakhstan. This is because both nations have something the US government wants. Uzbekistan is close to Afghanistan and US imperialist forces are using an air force base in Uzbekistan to fly missions against the Taliban. This is why the Americans are friendly to dictator Karimov, they need his air force base to bomb Afghanistan!
Nazarbaye is loved by western imperialism for his oil. Also the Republic of Kazakhstan is the biggest former Soviet republic. Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbaye is an opportunistic dictator, during the Stalinist era he played the role of a typical party bureaucrat. Serving the needs of the Moscow bureaucracy he became leader of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan in 1990. Unlike other Asian Soviet republics, Nazarbaye choose to support Boris Yeltsin in August 1991, when the hard-liners of the CPSU tried a coup against Soviet president Michael Gorbachev!
After the end of the USSR, the Republic of Kazakhstan remained a close ally of the Russian Federation. Also Nazarbaye is on good therms with Vladimir Putin and with former British prime minister; Tony Blair who worked for the dictator as his advisor. Nazarbaye paid Blair almost 13 million British pounds for this job!
Democracy and liberty are only propaganda values spread by the dictators of the former Soviet republics. Opposition parties are allowed but face intimidations, harassment and receive little attention in the media. Most media outlets in these former Stalinist Soviet republics are controlled by the government who favours a positive image of their presidents ( dictators ). Western imperialism has done nothing to aid the people of these dictatorships. This why because western imperialism is supportive of these dictatorships because they are capitalist. Many politicians in the western world think that capitalism would lead to democracy. A foolish idea since China has turned massive capitalist yet remains a single party state!
The Republic of Tajikistan is the poorest former Soviet republic. The nation was created by the Soviet-Union in a backward and dogmatic Islamic part of the world. Central Asia was very medieval and backward in the early 20th century. Russian Imperialism conquered the region in the late 19th century and made it part of the Russian Empire. Many Muslims hated the Russians who forced Orthodox Christianity on them. Around 1916 when the Russian Empire was weaken by world war 1, a popular Islamic rebellion started. The Russian Revolution of 1917 ended the Russian monarchy, but the Islamic rebels did not supported the new Soviets ( workers councils ). The Muslims wanted an Islamic state and a dogmatic interpretation of Sharia law. Moscow could not allow this to happen since the Islamic rebels would not tolerate the rule of the Soviets!
It would take many years before the Islamic uprising was crushed. Joseph Stalin created the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic in 1929. But many Muslims hated the atheist nature of the Stalinist state and deep inside them there was always hate. When the USSR collapsed, Islamic fundamentalists rose up against the secular leadership of the Republic of Tajikistan. The civil war started around the same time the Republic of Afghanistan collapsed. Islamic forces destroyed this secular republic with weapons they got from British and American imperialism!
With Afghanistan now in chaos and anarchy, the Islamic movement choose to oppose the new nationalist government of Tajikistan. But not only the islamists stood in opposition to the secular government. Liberal democrats also opposed the new regime, as it was not democratic in nature. Emomalii Rahmon soon became the face many hated. He was the speaker of the Supreme Soviet and elected himself as president in 1994 during the civil war. Emomalii Rahmon is a classic post-Soviet president. A bureaucrat who rose to power by working for the Stalinist bureaucracy. Rahmon was supported by Boris Yeltsin who also fought against Islamic fundamentalists in the south of Russia. His government is typical for that region; undemocratic and corrupt to the core!
The civil war would costs 100.000 lives and left Tajikistan wrecked and poor. In 1997 the war ended with a peace treaty. But this did not ended the secular nationalist dictatorship of Emomalii Rahmon who is still president of the nation as of 2013. During the war the United Opposition was created by the liberal democrats and the islamists. An uneasy alliance since the islamists fought under the banner of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. Today we see the same thing in Syria were a nationalist secular government is facing a rebel alliance made up of liberal democrats and islamists!
While Tajikistan fell into civil war and chaos, the Republic of Turkmenistan did not changed at all. In October 1991, Stalinist leader Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov ended the Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republic and created his personal nationalist dictatorship. Niyazov was elected first secretary of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan in 1985. He was ruler of the nation until he saw the end of stalinism approaching. So he changed his political views from Marxism Leninism to Turkmen nationalism.
Under Niyazov, the Republic of Turkmenistan was established as a single party nationalist state. The Communist Party of Turkmenistan was renamed into the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan but its structure did not changed. Vladimir Lenin's face was replaced by that of Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov who created a cult of personality around himself. Unlike other nationalist dictators, Niyazov went very far in his cult. Turkmenistan became a North Korean style state were all people were forced to worship Niyazov as the ''father of the nation''. He also owned more then 3 billion dollars, stored at the Foreign Exchange Reserve Fund of the Deutsche Bank!
''Dear president'' Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov died in 2006. He is succeeded by Gurbanguly Mälikgulyýewiç Berdimuhamedow who was ''elected'' by the people. His election was more a formality since all opposition in Turkmenistan is banned. However in August 2013, the new president left the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan and is now an independent. Since Turkmenistan is a presidential republic, most power remains in the hands of Gurbanguly Mälikgulyýewiç Berdimuhamedow!
In 2013, the first political party next to the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan was created. A pro-capitalist party called the Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs was allowed to register. However the opposition claims that this party is a tool of the ruling DPT. This is true since the Communist Party of Turkmenistan ( created after 1991 ), the Republican Party and the Turkmen Union of Democratic Forces remain banned!
Democracy is still not established in the former Asian Soviet republics. Western imperialism and Russian imperialism are to blame for this. Western leaders think that a capitalist economy will lead to democracy. They think that a wealthy middle class will demand freedom and rise up. This shows how little the western world care about the workers of these nations. Russian imperialism does not care about any social classes. The Russian Federation needs these dictatorships as buffer nations against the western world and the growing People's Republic of China. Moscow is using the old dictators to dominate the central Asian republics!
Most of these dictators are now in their 70's, Karimov and Nazarbaye are now ruling for 23 years. They are the oldest nationalist dictators with Berdimuhamedow as the youngest. Revolutionary socialists call for an uprising against these old men. We cannot trust their pseudo-elections, since state repression is common. Workers and poor people must take action for themselves and overthrow the nationalist capitalist dictatorships in central Asia. This can then lead to a genuine socialist federation in which the wealth does not belong to dictators or capitalists, but to the working class of central Asia!